Under the World Anti-Doping Code there are ten possible Anti-Doping Rule Violations.

  • Presence of a prohibited substance or its metabolites or markers in an athlete’s sample.
  • Use or attempted use by an athlete of a prohibited substance or prohibited method.
  • Refusing or failing without compelling justification to submit to sample collection after notification as authorised in applicable anti-doping rules, or otherwise evading sample collection.
  • Violation of applicable requirements regarding athlete availability for out-of-competition testing…
  • Tampering or attempted tampering with any part of doping control.
  • Possession of prohibited substances and prohibited methods.
  • Trafficking or attempted trafficking in any prohibited substance or prohibited method.
  • Administration or attempted administration… 
  • Complicity.
  • Prohibited Association.